Indirect Questions

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Indirect Questions Consider the following situation: You are talking to a man at a meeting that you have never met. However, you know his name and also that this man knows a colleague named Jack. You turn to him and ask: Where is Jack? The man seems a little bothered and says he doesn't know. He isn't very friendly. You wonder why he seems bothered... It's probably because you didn't introduce yourself, didn't say 'excuse me' AND (most importantly) asked a direct question. Direct questions are
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  Indirect Questions Consider the following situation: You are talking to a man at a meeting that you have never met. However, youknow his name and also that this man knows a colleague named Jack. You turn to him and ask: Where is Jack?   The man seems a little bothered and says he doesn't know. He isn't very friendly. You wonder why he seems bothered... It's probably because you didn't introduce yourself, didn't say 'excuse me' AND (most importantly)asked a direct question. Direct questions are often considered rude when speaking to strangers. To be more polite we often use indirect question forms. Indirect questions serve the same purpose as direct questions, butare considered more formal. When using an indirect question, use an introductory phrase followed by thequestion itself in positive sentence structure . Connect the two phrases with the question word or ‘if’ in the casethe question is a ‘yes’, ‘no’ question. Here's how to do it: Introductory phrase + question word (or if) + positive sentence  Examples:  Where is Jack? > I was wondering if you know where Jack is?When does Alice usually arrive? > Do you know when Alice usually arrives?Here are some of the most common phrases used for asking indirect questions. Many of these phrases arequestions (i.e.,  Do you know when the next train leaves? ), while others are statements made to indicate aquestion (i.e.,  I wonder if he will be on time. ).Do you know … ?I wonder / was wondering ….Can you tell me … ? Could you tell me…?Do you happen to know ...?I have no idea ...I'm not sure ...I'd like to know ...Have you any idea ...I'd be interested to hear…Would you mind telling me…Sometimes we also use these phrases to indicate that we'd like some more information.I’m not sure…I don’t know…  Examples:  Do you know when the concert begins?I wonder when he will arrive.Can you tell me how to check out a book.I’m not sure what he considers appropriate.I don’t know if he is coming to the party thisevening.   TASK1 Tick the correct sentence in each pair.1a) I'd like to know when can I leave.b) I'd like to know when I can leave.2a) Could I ask what it is like to be self-employed?b) Could I ask what is it like to be self employed?3a) Would you mind telling me when I will know?b) Would you mind telling me when will I know?4a) Do you know where can I get an application form?b) Do you know where I can get an application form?5 a) I wonder if you could tell me what exactly you are interested in?b) I wonder if you could tell me what exactly are you interested in?6 a) Could you tell me when I am expected to start?b) Could you tell when am I expected to start? TASK2 Are the sentences correct? Correct when necessary.1 Would you mind telling me what is your name?2 I wonder if you could tell me when will the next interview be.3 Could I ask where can I find more information?4 Could you tell me what he said?5 I'd like to know if did they mention my name.6 Can I ask what you are expected to do in this company? TASK3 Transform the sentences so that they contain the given head.Who built that enormous bridge? I wonder... What's Brazil like? I want to find out... Did Benjamin Franklin write 'Poor Richard's Almanac'? I can't remember ....  How do you do it? Can you tell me ... How long have you been waiting for me? I wonder ... How important is that meeting to the company? Can you tell me ... Should people be allowed to smoke in public places? I'd like to know ...  TASK4 Write indirect questions for these situations. 1 You ask the stranger in the street the way to the library.2 You ask your director whether you can have a day off work.3 You ask a colleague the reason why you are having another meeting so soon.4 You ask your boss if he approves of the plans you have made.5 You ask your teacher whether you have passed the test or not. Fill the gaps. 1 Where's the station? Can you tell me ___________________________________________ ? 2 Are you coming to the party? Can you let me know if ___________________________________________ ? 3 How does it work? Can you explain ___________________________________________ ? 4 What's the the matter? Please tell me ___________________________________________ . 5 Where are you from? I'd like to know ___________________________________________ . 6 How long does it take to get there? Do you know ___________________________________________ ? 7 Has she reached a decision yet? Has she told you whether ___________________________________________ ? 8 What time are you leaving? Do you know ___________________________________________ ? 9 Does Annie know about computers? I wonder whether ___________________________________________ . 10 Excuse me. How do you get to the post office from here? Could you tell us ___________________________________________ ? 11 What are you doing?! Do you have any idea ___________________________________________ ?!   12 Could you lend me 50 Euros? I don't suppose ___________________________________________ . 13 Could you take me to the airport? Is there any chance ___________________________________________ ? 14 Does Susana like classical music? I can't remember if ___________________________________________ .
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