Methods to Determine Robust Innovation Paths for Electric Vehicle Technology

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Describes an approach how to evaluate the uptake of new technology, demonstrated for battery exchange.
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  Subject: Technologies increasing theendurance/autonomy of BEV’s(Battery Electric Vehicles). - Range extenders - Flow batteries (redoxbatteriesas one variant) - Quick exchange of batteries Method: Mapping the innovation:Enumerating the influencingfactors Assessing: In-depth research of acceptance via MCDA  The variants: The range extenders and flow batteries still needtechnological research clarifying the operationalcharacteristics of an industrialised concept before arobust assessment may be conducted. The results: Battery Exchange BE will have much betteracceptance by the environment relying on well knowntanking stops ã BE battery vehicle interfaces -if generic -aremore complex compared to the charginginterface ã Dynamic: Technological Competitors (created byincentives) may push viable alternativesrendering the BE business model obsolete Timehorizon/MethodTechnological AnalysisProceduralFactorsEconomic AnalysisPresentState of theartInfluenceanalysisState of theartFutureForesightanalysisScenariosinfluenceanalysisScenarios More on alternative fuel policies: Fighting global warmingWillingness to switch to BEVsInvestment burden (car buyers)Operational cost (users)Willingness to add BEV to the fleet Preferences consumersProduction know how light range extendersEnergy density batteries Technological know how BEVsrunning in the street Reference/show case Emission-based access restrictionsOther incentives (priority)Purchase subsidiesVehicle taxationEmission depending road usage fees Legal & policy framework Needed grid capacity Available parking spaceLocal economic value added Switching ability Low vehicle weightVehicle downsizing Autonomy/rangeModularity of the vehiclesMarket ability Product differentiation Theoretical demand BEVsInvestment demand infrastructureResources needed batteriesStandards neededCompetitive supplier market Economy of scaleFactor Hurdle Methods to Determine Robust InnovationPaths for Electric Vehicle Technology Dipl. IngGerfriedCebrat  Austrian Mobility Research 8010 Graz The sole responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Communities. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. Supportedby:  Paradigm Change in AutomotivePropulsion Train Engineering DI GerfriedCebratEnergie-und Umweltconsultingjointly with FGM  Aproject funded by the A3 programme, initiated by the Austrian Ministry forTransport, Innovation and Technology bmvit, managed by the FFG Target: ã Enumerate disruptive changes with powertrains through technological innovation ã  Assess inovativeconcepts in multipledimensions BEV  Battery electric vehicles ICE Internal Combustion Engine EDLC Electric Double Layer Capacitor COG Centre Of Gravity Ranking of Technologies: Paradigm Changewith regards toICE EngineeringFuture BEV TechnologiesRequirements forBEV Engineering Priority with systemhealth not comfortSurface aestheticsfollows functionUser will islimited by thesystemNo heat excessbecause no ICEUse of environ-mental energyCostoptimisationFlexiblepower trainsVehicle and powertrain are separatedetachable unitsSpacelimitationsIntegration needssupersedeCOG optimisationPriority based heatmanagement (defogging-defrosting – battery life –contact heat –air temperature) Heat storageand exchangebetween systemsThermal heatcollectorsOperational motorstress controlExchangeabletanks forrange extendersTilting powertrainStructure integratedEDLCScalable numberof battery cellsUndockable(rolling)range extendersOperational batterystress controlIron freemachines allowfor low COGPhotovoltaic integrationinto surfacesSwitched coolingForesightdriving control Project Partners: ã Energieund UmweltConsulting DI-GerfriedCebrat ã ForschungsgesellschaftMobilität–AustrianMobility Research gemeinn. GmbH., Subcontractor Time scale  U  s  a b i  l  i   t   y h  ur  d l   e s  Tilting power trainIron freemachines allowfor low COGStructureintegrated EDLCUndockable(rolling)range extendersExchangeabletanks forrange extendersScalable numberof (exchangeable) battery cellsForesightdriving controlPriority based heatmanagement (BEV)Heat storageand exchangebetween systemsThermal heatcollectorsOperational motorstress controlOperational batterystress controlPhotovoltaic inte-grationinto surfacesSwitched coolingForesightdriving assist The sole responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the bmvit/FFG.The bmvit/FFG is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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