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  Zdg Bwazkoeez Xpghk﬍hmzkel ygrxkel 0,9,;7 [exdklerk C, Ecwfk! Or{ml Ierj! Grkhd Xzgiml Oeag{l! Cwlkdkre Kxdknwre  Hep{rkndzh  =;;7!;9 Or{ml Ierj 1 omierj @ hx,wzmd,gjw < Hep{rkndzh  =;;7!;9 Grkhd Xzgiml Oeag{l 1 grkhd @ wrwc,ern < Hep{rkndzh  =;;;!?000!?00=!?00?!?007!?009 Irgg Xeiz~mrg Iewljmzkel! Klh,Pgrbkxxkel kx nrmlzgj ze bmcg mlj jkxzrkowzg ygromzkb hepkgx ei zdkx bmlwmapreykjgj zdg hep{rkndz lezkhg mlj zdkx pgrbkxxkel lezkhg mrg prgxgrygj el maahepkgx,Pgrbkxxkel kx nrmlzgj ze hep{ mlj jkxzrkowzg bejk﬍gj ygrxkelx ei zdkx bmlwmawljgr zdg heljkzkelx ier ygromzkb hep{kln! preykjgj maxe zdmz zdg glzkrg rgxwaz kln jgrkygj ~erc kx jkxzrkowzgj wljgr zdg zgrbx ei m pgrbkxxkel lezkhg kjglzkhmaze zdkx elg,Pgrbkxxkel kx nrmlzgj ze hep{ mlj jkxzrkowzg zrmlxamzkelx ei zdkx bmlwma klzemlezdgr amlnwmng! wljgr zdg moeyg heljkzkelx ier bejk﬍gj ygrxkelx,  Hdmpzgr =6 Klzrejwhzkel ze Bwazkoeez Xpghk﬍hmzkel = = Klzrejwhzkel ze Bwazkoeez Xpghk﬍hmzkel Zdkx hdmpzgr jgxhrkogx xebg rewnd klierbmzkel el zdg Bwazkoeez Xpghk﬍hmzkel, Lezg zdmzzdkx kx lez m pmrz ei zdg xpghk﬍hmzkel kzxgai, =,= Zdg omhcnrewlj ei Bwazkoeez Xpghk﬍hmzkel Gygr{ epgrmzkln x{xzgb gygr hrgmzgj zgljx ze dmyg kzx e~l oeez aemjgr, Klxzmaakln m lg~epgrmzkln x{xzgb el m bmhdklg nglgrmaa{ klyeaygx klxzmaakln m ~deag lg~ xgz ei oeez bghd mlkxbx! gmhd ~kzd hebpagzga{ jkffgrglz klxzmaa zkbg mlj oeez zkbg wxgr klzgrimhgx, Ngzzklnbwazkpag epgrmzkln x{xzgbx ze hegtkxz rgakmoa{ el elg bmhdklg zdrewnd z{pkhma hdmklkln  bghdmlkxbx hml og m lkndzbmrg, Zdgrg kx akzzag er le hdekhg ei oeez aemjgrx ier m pmrzkhwamrepgrmzkln x{xzgb ‚ ki zdg elg zdmz hebgx ~kzd zdg epgrmzkln x{xzgb jegxl‛z je gtmhza{~dmz {ew ~mlz! er jegxl‛z ~erc el {ewr bmhdklg! {ew‛rg xhrg~gj,^dkag ~g bm{ lez og moag ze ﬍t zdkx preoagb kl gtkxzkln hebbgrhkma epgrmzkln x{x zgbx! kz xdewajl‛z og zee jk﬈hwaz ier m ig~ pgepag kl zdg irgg epgrmzkln x{xzgb hebbwlkzkgxze pwz zdgkr dgmjx zengzdgr mlj xeayg zdkx preoagb ier zdg pepwamr irgg epgrmzkln x{xzgbx,Zdmz‛x ~dmz zdkx xpghk﬍hmzkel mkbx ier, Omxkhmaa{! kz xpghk﬍gx ml klzgrimhg ogz~ggl m oeezaemjgr mlj m epgrmzkln x{xzgb! xwhd zdmz ml{ hebpa{kln oeez aemjgr xdewaj og moag zeaemj ml{ hebpa{kln epgrmzkln x{xzgb, Zdkx xpghk﬍hmzkel jegx lez  xpghki{ de~ oeez aemjgrxxdewaj ~erc ‚ ela{ de~ zdg{ bwxz klzgrimhg ~kzd zdg epgrmzkln x{xzgb ogkln aemjgj, =,? Zdg zmrngz mrhdkzghzwrg Zdkx xpghk﬍hmzkel kx prkbmrka{ zmrngzgj mz ph ! xklhg zdg{ mrg zdg bexz hebbel mlj dmyg zdgamrngxz ymrkgz{ ei epgrmzkln x{xzgbx mlj oeez aemjgrx, De~gygr! ze zdg gtzglz zdmz hgrzmklezdgr mrhdkzghzwrgx bm{ lggj m oeez xpghk﬍hmzkel mlj je lez dmyg elg margmj{! m ymrkmzkelei zdkx xpghk﬍hmzkel! xzrkppgj ei zdg t49 xpghk﬍h jgzmkax! hewaj og mjepzgj ier zdgb mx ~gaa, =,8 Zdg zmrngz epgrmzkln x{xzgbx Zdkx xpghk﬍hmzkel kx zmrngzgj ze~mrj irgg 8? okz epgrmzkln x{xzgbx zdmz hml og imkra{ gmxka{bejk﬍gj ze xwpperz zdg xpghk﬍hmzkel ~kzdewz nekln zdrewnd aezx ei owrgmwhrmzkh rknbmreag,Zdg pmrzkhwamr irgg epgrmzkln x{xzgbx zdmz zdkx xpghk﬍hmzkel kx ogkln prkbmrka{ jgxknlgj iermrg Aklwt! IrggOXJ! LgzOXJ! Bmhd! mlj YXZm, Kz kx depgj zdmz ezdgr gbgrnkln irgg epgr mzkln x{xzgbx ~kaa mjepz kz ireb zdg xzmrz! mlj zdwx kbbgjkmzga{ og moag ze zmcg mjymlzmngei gtkxzkln oeez aemjgrx, Kz ~ewaj og lkhg ki hebbgrhkma epgrmzkln x{xzgb ygljerx gyglzwmaa{mjepzgj zdkx xpghk﬍hmzkel mx ~gaa! owz zdmz‛x preomoa{ m pkpg jrgmb, =,: Oeez xewrhgx Kz xdewaj og pexxkoag ze ~rkzg hebpakmlz oeez aemjgrx zdmz aemj zdg EX kbmng ireb m ymrkgz{ei xewrhgx! klhawjkln ﬏epp{ jkxc! dmrj jkxc! mlj mhrexx m lgz~erc,Jkxc omxgj oeez aemjgrx bm{ wxg m ymrkgz{ ei zghdlk}wgx ze ﬍lj zdg rgagymlz EXkbmng mlj oeez bejwag jmzm el jkxc! xwhd mx o{ klzgrprgzmzkel ei xpghk﬍h ﬍ag x{xzgbx $g,n,zdg OXJ%Bmhd oeez aemjgr+! wxkln prghmahwamzgj oaehc akxzx  $g,n, AKAE+! aemjkln ireb mxpghkma oeez pmrzkzkel $g,n, EX%?+! er gygl aemjkln ireb ~kzdkl mlezdgr epgrmzkln x{xzgb  ? Bwazkoeez Xpghk﬍hmzkel ygrxkel 0,9,;7$g,n, zdg YXZm oeez hejg! ~dkhd aemjx ireb JEX+, Xkbkamra{! lgz~erc omxgj oeez aemjgrxhewaj wxg m ymrkgz{ ei lgz~erc dmrj~mrg mlj prezeheax,Kz kx depgj zdmz oeez aemjgrx ~kaa og hrgmzgj zdmz xwpperz bwazkpag aemjkln bghdm lkxbx! klhrgmxkln zdgkr perzmokakz{! reowxzlgxx! mlj wxgr irkgljaklgxx, =,7 Hel﬍nwrg ml epgrmzkln x{xzgb mz oeez zkbg Kz kx eizgl lghgxxmr{ ier elg rgmxel er mlezdgr ier zdg wxgr ze og moag ze preykjg xebghel﬍nwrmzkel klierbmzkel ze ml epgrmzkln x{xzgb j{lmbkhmaa{ mz oeez zkbg, ^dkag zdkxxpghk﬍hmzkel xdewaj lez jkhzmzg de~ zdkx hel﬍nwrmzkel klierbmzkel kx eozmklgj o{ zdg oeezaemjgr! kz xdewaj preykjg m xzmljmrj bgmlx ier zdg oeez aemjgr ze pmxx xwhd klierbmzkel zezdg epgrmzkln x{xzgb, =,9 De~ ze bmcg EX jgygaepbglz gmxkgr EX kbmngx xdewaj og gmx{ ze nglgrmzg, Kjgmaa{! ml EX kbmng xdewaj xkbpa{ og ml erjklmr{8? okz gtghwzmoag ﬍ag kl ~dmzgygr ﬍ag ierbmz zdg epgrmzkln x{xzgb lerbmaa{ wxgx, Kz xdewajog pexxkoag ze lb er jkxmxxgboag EX kbmngx fwxz akcg lerbma gtghwzmoagx, Xpghkmakvgj zeeaxxdewaj lez og rg}wkrgj ze hrgmzg EX kbmngx kl m xpghkma  ﬍ag ierbmz, Ki zdkx bgmlx xdkizklnxebg ~erc ireb zdg epgrmzkln x{xzgb ze m oeez aemjgr! zdmz kx preomoa{ mppreprkmzg! oghmwxgmaa zdg bgber{ helxwbgj o{ zdg oeez aemjgr ~kaa z{pkhmaa{ og bmjg mymkamoag mnmkl mizgrzdg oeez prehgxx kx hrgmzgj! ~dgrgmx gygr{ okz ei hejg kl zdg EX kbmng z{pkhmaa{ dmx zergbmkl kl bgber{ iergygr, Zdg epgrmzkln x{xzgb xdewaj lez dmyg ze ~err{ moewz ngzzklnklze 8? okz bejg klkzkmaa{! oghmwxg bejg x~kzhdkln hejg nglgrmaa{ lggjx ze og kl zdg oeezaemjgr ml{~m{ kl erjgr ze aemj epgrmzkln x{xzgb jmzm moeyg zdg =BO oewljmr{! mlj ierhklnzdg epgrmzkln x{xzgb ze je zdkx bmcgx hrgmzkel ei EX kbmngx bwhd berg jk﬈hwaz,Wlierzwlmzga{! zdgrg kx m derrgljewx ymrkgz{ ei gtghwzmoag ﬍ag ierbmzx gygl mbelnirgg Wlkt akcg ph omxgj epgrmzkln x{xzgbx ‚ nglgrmaa{ m jkffgrglz ierbmz ier gmhd epgrmzklnx{xzgb, Bexz ei zdg rgagymlz irgg epgrmzkln x{xzgbx wxg xebg ymrkmlz ei m,ewz ierbmz! owzxebg mrg beykln ze gai , Kz kx dknda{ jgxkrmoag ier oeez aemjgrx lez ze dmyg ze og moag zeklzgrprgz maa zdg jkffgrglz z{pgx ei gtghwzmoag ﬍ag ierbmzx kl gtkxzglhg kl erjgr ze aemj zdgEX kbmng ‚ ezdgr~kxg zdg oeez aemjgr gffghzkyga{ oghebgx epgrmzkln x{xzgb xpghk﬍h mnmkl,Zdkx xpghk﬍hmzkel mjepzx m hebprebkxg xeawzkel ze zdkx preoagb, Bwazkoeez hebpakmlz EX kbmngx ma~m{x helzmkl m bmnkh Bwazkoeez dgmjgr  $xggXghzkel 8,= SEXkbmng ierbmzR! pmng 7+! ~dkhd maae~x zdg oeez aemjgr ze aemj zdg kbmng ~kzdewz dmyklnze wljgrxzmlj lwbgrewx m,ewz ymrkmlzx er ezdgr gtghwzmoag ierbmzx, Zdkx bmnkh dgmjgrjegx lez lggj ze og mz zdg ygr{ ognkllkln ei zdg gtghwzmoag ﬍ag! xe cgrlga kbmngx hml xzkaahelierb ze zdg aehma m,ewz ierbmz ymrkmlz kl mjjkzkel ze ogkln Bwazkoeez hebpakmlz, =,> Oeez bejwagx Bml{ bejgrl epgrmzkln x{xzgb cgrlgax! xwhd mx zdexg ei YXZm mlj Bmhd! je lez o{ zdgb xgaygx helzmkl glewnd bghdmlkxb ze ngz zdg x{xzgb iwaa{ epgrmzkelma6 zdg{ rg}wkrg zdgprgxglhg ei mjjkzkelma xeiz~mrg bejwagx mz oeez zkbg kl erjgr ze mhhgxx jgykhgx! bewlz ﬍agx{xzgbx! gzh, ^dkag zdgxg mjjkzkelma bejwagx hewaj og gbogjjgj kl zdg bmkl EX kbmngmaeln ~kzd zdg cgrlga kzxgai! mlj zdg rgxwazkln kbmng og xpakz mpmrz bmlwmaa{ o{ zdg epgrmz kln x{xzgb ~dgl kz rghgkygx helzrea! kz kx eizgl berg ﬏gtkoag! berg xpmhg g﬈hkglz! mlj berg
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