Chapter 4-8 Vocab

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Chapter 4 BACON'S REBELLION In 1676, Bacon, a young planter led a rebellion against people who were friendly to the Indians. In the process he torched Jamestown, Virginia and was murdered by Indians. LEISLER'S REBELLION - 1689-1691 an ill- starred bloody insurgency in New York City took place between landholders and merchants. Halfway Covenant A Puritan church document; In 1662, the Halfway Covenant allowed partial membership rights to persons not yet converted into the Puritan church; It lessen
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  Chapter 4BACON'S REBELLION In 1676, Bacon, a young planter led a rebellion against people who were friendly to theIndians. In the process he torched Jamestown, Virginia and was murdered by Indians. LEISLER'S REBELLION - 1689-1691 an ill- starred bloody insurgency in New York City took place between landholders andmerchants. Halfway Covenant A Puritan church document; In 1662, the Halfway Covenant allowed partial membershiprights to persons not yet converted into the Puritan church; It lessened the difference between the elect members of the church from the regular members; Women soonmade up a larger portion of Puritan congregations. William Berkeley He was a British colonial governor of Virginia from 1642-52. He showed that he hadfavorites in his second term which led to the Bacon's rebellion in 1676 ,which heruthlessly suppressed. He had poor frontier defense. Headright system way to attract immigrants; gave 50 acres of land to anyone who paid their way and/or any plantation owner that paid an immigrants way; mainly a system in the southern colonies. Chapter 5Triangular trade Triangular trade was a small, profitable trading route started by people in New Englandwho would barter a product to get slaves in Africa, and then sell them to the West Indiesin order to get the same cargo of goods that would help in repeating this process. Thisform of trading was used by New Englanders in conjunction with other countries in the1750's.  Molasses Act A British law passed in 1773 to change a trade pattern in the American colonies by taxingmolasses imported into colonies not ruled by Britain. Americans responded to thisattempt to damage their international trade by bribing and smuggling. Their protest of thisand other laws led to revolution. Phillis Wheatley Born around 1753, Wheatley was a slave girl who became a poet. At age eight, she was brought to Boston. Although she had no formal education, Wheatley was taken toEngland at age twenty and published a book of poetry. Wheatley died in 1784. Great Awakening The Great Awakening was a religious revival held in the 1730's and 1740's to motivatethe colonial America. Motivational speakers such as Jonathan Edwards and GeorgeWhitefield helped to bring Americans together. Catawba Nation A group of the remains of several different Indian tribes that joined together in the late1700's. The Catawba Nation was in the Southern Piedmont region. Forced migrationmade the Indians join in this group. Chapter 6Huguenots The Huguenots were a groups of French Protestants that lived from about 1560 to 1629.Protestantism was introduced into France between 1520 and 1523, and the principleswere accepted by many members of the nobility, the intellectual classes, and the middleclass. At first the new religious group was royally protected, but toward the end of thereign of King Francis I they were persecuted. Nevertheless, they continued to grow. French and Indian War Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in1763. Historical Significance: established England asnumber one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists towardEngland for the worse.  James Wolfe Wolfe was the British general whose success in the Battle of Quebec won Canada for theBritish Empire. Even though the battle was only fifteen minutes, Wolfe was killed in theline of duty. This was a decisive battle in the French and Indian War. Robert de La Salle Robert de La Salle was responsible for naming Louisiana. He was the first European tofloat down the Mississippi river to the tip from Canada and upon seeing the beautifulriver valley named Louisiana after his king Louis XIV in 1682. Pontiac Indian Chief; led post war flare-up in the Ohio River Valley and Great Lakes Region in1763; his actions led to the Proclamation of 1763; the Proclamation angered the colonists. Chapter 7Intolerable Acts The Acts passed in 1774, following the Boston Tea Party, that were considered unfair  because they were designed to chastise Boston in particular, yet effected all the colonies by the Boston Port Act which closed Boston Harbor until damages were paid. Hessians German soldiers hired by George III to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good inmechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty. Loyalists (Tories) Colonials loyal to the king during the American Revolution. Virtual representation Theory that claimed that every member of Parliament represented all British subjects,even those Americans in Boston or Charleston who had never voted for a member of theLondon Parliament. Baron Von Steuben A stern, Prussian drillmaster that taught American soldiers during the Revolutionary War how to successfully fight the British.  Chapter 8Whigs/Patriots  Name given to party of patriots of the new land resisting England prior to the Declarationof Independence. Natural Rights Theory The theory that people are born with certain natural rights. Some say these rights areanything people do in the pursuit of liberty--as long as the rights of others are notimpeded. Marquis de Lafayette A wealthy French nobleman, nicknamed French Gamecock , made major general of colonial army, got commission on part of his family. Thomas Paine Thomas Paine was a passionate and persuasive writer who published the bestseller,Common Sense in 1776. Paine had the radical idea that the colonies should set upAmerica as an independent, democratic, republic away from England. Over 120,000copies of his book were sold and this helped spark the colonists rebellion later that year. George Rogers Clark  Frontiersman; led the seizing of 3 British forts in 1777; led to the British giving theregion north of the Ohio River to the United States.
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